Torsional fatigue resistance of pathfinding instruments manufactured from several nickel-titanium alloys

por | dez 7, 2020 | Artigos Científicos | 0 Comentários

Abstract

 Aim To evaluate the torsional properties of pathfinding nickel-titanium (NiTi) rotary instruments manufactured from several NiTi alloys, ProGlider (M-wire), Hyflex GPF (conventional NiTi Wire and controlled memory wire), Logic (conventional NiTi wire and controlled memory wire) and Mtwo (conventional NiTi wire). Methodology: A total of 56 NiTi instruments from Glidepath rotary systems (n = 8) were used: Logic (size 25, .01 taper), Logic CM (size 25, .01 taper), ProGlider (size 16, .02 taper), Hyflex GPF (size 15, .01 taper), Hyflex GPF CM (size 15, .02 taper; size 20, .02 taper) and Mtwo (size 10, .04 taper). The torsion tests were performed based on ISO 3630-1 (1992). Three millimetres of each instrument tip was clamped to a small load cell by a lever arm linked to the torsion axis. Data were analysed using a one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Tukey test with a significance level at a = 5%. Results: The Logic size 25, .01 taper had significantly higher torsional strength values (P < 0.05). The ProGlider was significantly different when compared with Hyflex GPF size 15, .01 taper and size 15, .02 taper (P < 0.05). The Logic CM size 25, .01 taper had significantly higher torsional strength than Hyflex GPF size 15, .01 taper and size 15, .02 taper (P < 0.05). No difference was found amongst Mtwo size 10, .04 taper and Hyflex GPF groups (size 15, .01 taper; size 15, .02 taper; size 20, .02 taper). In relation to the angle of rotation, Logic CM size 25, .01 taper and Hyflex GPF size 15, .01 taper had the highest angle values (P < 0.05). The Pro-Glider had the lowest angle values in comparison with all the groups (P < 0.05) followed by Mtwo size 10, .04 taper. The Logic size 25, .01 taper had significantly higher angle of rotation values than ProGlider and Mtwo size 10, .04 taper (P < 0.05). Conclusion: The Logic size 25, .01 taper instrument made of conventional NiTi alloy had the highest torsional strength of all instruments tested. In addition, the ProGlider instrument manufactured from M-Wire alloy had the lowest angle of rotation to fracture in comparison with the other instruments.

Keywords

Nickel-Titanium, pathfinding instruments, rotary instruments, thermal treatment.

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